2004b "Ishmael and Isaac in Somalia", in D. Lange, Ancient Kingdoms of West Africa: Africa-Centred and Canaanite-Israelite Perspectives, Dettelbach 2004, 254-261.


The sub-chapter deals with the clans of Somalia and their relationship with the history of South Arabia in the pre-Christian era.


Extract of D. Lange, Ancient Kingdoms pp. 258-9: Chart of Somali clans: The Ishamelite background of the two closely related clan-families of Isaaq and Darood